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Cooperation with the Constitutional Courts of the European Union’s Eastern Partnership countries

In international cooperation over the last few years, the Constitutional Court of Lithuania gave priority to cooperation with the constitutional courts of the Eastern Partnership countries of the European Union. In order to raise this cooperation to an even higher level, the Association of Constitutional Justice of the Countries of the Baltic and Black Sea Regions was established (for more about this Association, see the subsection “Multilateral Cooperation”).

The first contacts with the Constitutional Court of Ukraine were made in 2003, while the first bilateral conference “Guarantees of the Independence of Courts” between the justices of the Constitutional Courts of Lithuania and Ukraine was held in Vilnius in September 2012. The Memorandum on the Development of Cooperation Between the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania and the Constitutional Court of Ukraine was signed on 24 October 2012; it was agreed to maintain and develop relations.

The cooperation with the Constitutional Court of Ukraine was particularly strengthened in 2014. On 14–16 July 2014, on the initiative of the President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania, the delegations of the Constitutional Courts of Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland paid a visit to Ukraine to express their solidarity with that country and their support for the creation of the rule of law in Ukraine. A four-party round-table discussion was held at the Constitutional Court of Ukraine. The participants discussed the relevant topics of constitutional justice: the criteria for the constitutional control over the measures to tackle an economic crisis, the influence of the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights on the official constitutional doctrine developed by constitutional courts, and the development of the said doctrine.

The justices of the Constitutional Court participate in various conferences and seminars in Ukraine, where the problems of the constitutional justice of that country are analysed. The colleagues from Ukraine visit Lithuania in order to attend events held by the Constitutional Court. In December 2015, the President of the Constitutional Court, together with the Presidents of the Constitutional Courts of Georgia, Latvia, Moldova, and Ukraine, participated in the meeting with President Petro Poroshenko of Ukraine. The President of Ukraine thanked for the active support of the Baltic States for the independence of Ukraine and its European integration. During the meeting, the President of Ukraine and the Presidents of the Constitutional Courts spoke about the judicial reform carried out in Ukraine, amendments to the Constitution linked to the strengthening of independence and transparency of the judiciary, the depoliticisation of the procedures for the selection and appointment of judges, and the refusal of absolute immunity.

Strengthening ties with the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova is among the priorities of the Constitutional Court in international cooperation. The first trilateral conference “Constitutional Jurisdiction” between the Constitutional Courts of Lithuania, Moldova, and Romania, dedicated to discuss the common topical issues of constitutional justice, was held in Suceava, Romania, in April 2015. The justices of the Constitutional Court participate in various conferences and seminars in the Republic of Moldova, whereas colleagues from Moldova attend events organised by the Constitutional Court.

The Constitutional Court intensifies cooperation with the Constitutional Court of Georgia. Multilateral meetings between the justices of the Constitutional Courts of Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine are held on the initiative of the Constitutional Court of Lithuania.

For more about cooperation between constitutional courts, see annual reports on the activity of the Constitutional Court (website of the Constitutional Court, section “Annual Reports”).